French President Emmanuel Macron has actually informed reporters that President Vladimir Putin ensured him that Russian forces would not increase the crisis near Ukraine's borders." I secured a guarantee there would be no deterioration or escalation," he said prior to meeting Ukraine's leader.Nevertheless, Russia stated any idea of a warranty was "wrong".Russia has actually rejected any strategies to invade Ukraine, but it has assembled more than 100,000 troops near its borders.
The tensions in between Russia, Ukraine and the West come almost 8 years after Russia annexed Ukraine's southern Crimea peninsula and backed a rebellion in the eastern Donbas region.
Moscow accuses the Ukrainian government of stopping working to execute the Minsk contract - a global offer sponsored by Germany and France to restore peace to the east, where Russian-backed rebels control swathes of area and a minimum of 14,000 people have actually been killed since 2014.
President Macron this week is on a diplomatic tour of nationwide capitals looking for a solution to the crisis in Ukraine. He arrived in the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, on Tuesday after almost 6 hours of talks with Mr Putin in Moscow on Monday.
At a news conference with Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelensky, Mr Macron said there was now the opportunity to "make these settlements progress" in between Russia and Ukraine, which he could see "concrete services" to lowering tensions.
He also stated there was a "shared determination" to carry out the Minsk agreement. Any resolution to the crisis could take months, he stated, but he repeated that Mr Putin had actually informed him he would not be behind any escalation.
Mr Zelensky on the other hand said he anticipated "in the future" there would be talks between Russia, France and Germany about dealing with the continuous dispute in eastern Ukraine.
However he called on Mr Putin to take severe measures to decrease stress. "I do not really trust words, I think that every political leader can be transparent by taking concrete actions," he said.
The Kyiv meeting came after talks in between Mr Macron and Mr Putin in Moscow. Mr Putin hinted progress had actually been made after those conversations, which a few of Mr Macron's proposals "might form the basis of further joint steps" - although they were "most likely still prematurely to talk about".
A French official later on informed reporters that the two leaders had actually concurred that Russia would pull troops out of Belarus at the end of exercises happening near Ukraine's northern borders.Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov nevertheless rejected any offer had happened - although the troops were expected to return to Russia eventually, he said.
President Macron's diplomatic push will later on relocate to Berlin where he will meet the German chancellor, Olaf Scholz, and Polish President Andrzej Duda.
US President Joe Biden met the German leader in Washington on Monday and threatened to close down an essential Russian gas pipeline to Germany if Moscow invaded Ukraine.
UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has actually also shown his support for sanctions. Writing in The Times paper on Tuesday, he added that the UK was thinking about releasing Royal Air Force fighters and Royal Navy warships "to protect south-eastern Europe".
Western nations have currently declined a variety of Moscow's demands, consisting of that the Nato defence alliance rule out Ukraine becoming a member, and that it decrease its military presence in eastern Europe.
They have rather recommended other areas of settlement, for instance talks on cutting down nuclear weapons.The stress in between Russia and the West were laid bare during Mr Putin's press conference with the French president.Mr Putin repeated earlier warnings that should Ukraine join the Western military alliance Nato and effort to reclaim Crimea - which Russia annexed eight years ago - Europe could get sucked into a major conflict."
" Do you want France to fight with Russia?" he asked French reporters. "That's what will occur. And there will be no winners."
Olaf Scholz - on his very first trip to Washington since ending up being chancellor and facing criticism for his response to the Ukraine crisis - added that the United States and Germany were "absolutely united" on sanctions against Russia should it attack Ukraine, stating "we will do the exact same steps and they will be extremely, really difficult to Russia".
However, he was more unclear about Nord Stream 2 than US President Biden, who said the US "will bring an end" to the questionable pipeline - which will double Moscow's gas exports to Germany - "if Russia invades".
Mr Biden did not provide specifics, reacting to a concern about how he would do this by saying: "I assure you we will be able to do it."The 1,225 km (760-mile) Nord Stream 2 pipeline took five years to build and cost $11bn (₤ 8bn), but as yet has not started operating, after regulators stated in November it does not comply with German law and suspended its approval.